Toxic dust PM 2.5, a silent danger that you must be careful of

In the past few years The world has seen increasing concern about air pollution. This is especially true of the presence of fine particles called PM 2.5, microscopic particles that cannot be seen with the naked eye. This causes a lack of awareness of health hazards. Areas where the levels were detected exceeded the standard. It can be seen that there has been an increase in air pollution, especially in urban and industrial areas. Air pollution is usually found mostly in the form of dust. It is a silent danger that accumulates in the body over time. If exposed for a long time, it may cause health hazards.

     “The World Health Organization (WHO) sets the average level of PM 2.5 dust in the air to be more than 25 micrograms per cubic meter. It is considered dangerous to health.”
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment by the Pollution Control Department The standard for dust particles no larger than 2.5 microns or PM2.5 has been revised by the National Environment Board. It was announced in the Royal Gazette. 
“The 24-hour average decreased from 50 to 37.5 micrograms/cubic meter. 
The annual average has been reduced from 25 to 15 micrograms/cubic meter.”
But no matter what standards are held, today's PM 2.5 dust levels are considered to be at a critical level, especially along roadsides or areas with heavy traffic and around construction sites.

      PM 2.5 dust is fine particles of dust or soil that They are small enough to be inhaled into the respiratory system. These particles can come from various sources. Including construction sites, dirt roads, agricultural activities. and natural phenomena such as wind erosion. due to its size These particles can therefore easily penetrate deep into the lungs. This makes it especially dangerous to human health.

What serious diseases can PM 2.5 dust bring to you?
      xposure to PM 2.5 dust can have both short-term and long-term effects. Inhaling PM 2.5 dust can cause irritation to the respiratory tract, including coughing, sneezing, sore throat, nose, eyes, and wheezing. and exacerbation of asthma People with existing respiratory conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or bronchitis. More likely to be affected by PM 2.5 dust, and if we inhale PM 2.5 dust, it accumulates into our bodies every day. Over time, the lungs may be affected. It causes the lungs to become inflamed or even serious enough to cause lung cancer.

Group of people at high risk
      Some groups are especially at risk to their health from PM 2.5 dust. Children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems are more at risk. In addition, people living in urban areas or densely populated regions with High levels of dust pollution also pose a risk for inhalation.

Basic prevention methods
To prevent the damaging effects of PM 2.5 dust, it is essential to take proactive measures as follows.
  1. Wear a PM 2.5 dust mask when going outdoors in dusty conditions. Wear a properly worn mask designed to filter PM 2.5 particles.
  2. Always keep your body strong. Another way to deal with PM 2.5 dust is to get enough rest each day, exercise, and be ready to fight every situation. and eat nutritious food and dietary supplements such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and zinc as well . .
  3. Limit outdoor activities whenever possible Reduce exposure to dusty environments. Especially during times of peak pollution or in areas where construction is ongoing.
  4. Receive news and follow local air quality reports. and take necessary precautions when pollution levels are high. Or follow the news regularly on news websites. and use the application Check air pollution 
  5. Maintain indoor air quality Use an air purifier with a HEPA filter to reduce particle levels indoors. 
  6. Plant trees. Planting trees around the house can help purify the air in our home. Because trees will trap air pollution and release fresh air for us.

PM 2.5 dust pollution poses a significant threat to human health. Both in the short term and in the long term long term consequences Awareness of the risks associated with PM 2.5 dust is important for individuals, communities and policy makers. By creating awareness Using preventative measures our health

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Thank you for information from: Samitivej, Bang Pho Hospital, S Spine and Nerf Hospital,